National African American History Month 2003


In honor of National African American History Month, the World Center Library in conjunction with Human Resources will have on display items in our collection that explore the history of African Americans. During the library's open house this Friday, the following information will be available:

This year’s theme is the centennial of The Souls of Black Folk (1903), by W.E.B. Du Bois. We look forward to seeing and hearing from you.

W.E.B. Du Bois
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, 1868–1963, was an early exponent of full equality for African Americans and a cofounder (1905) of the Niagara Movement, which became (1909) the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Unlike Booker T. Washington, who believed that unskilled blacks should focus on economic self-betterment, Du Bois demanded that African-Americans should achieve not only economic equality but full civil and political equality as well. In 1910 he became editor of the influential NAACP magazine, Crisis, a position he held until 1934, when he resigned over the question of voluntary segregation and returned to Atlanta Univ. (1934–44). In 1961 he became a member of the U.S. Communist party. In the last two years of his life Du Bois lived in Ghana. Source: "Du Bois, W. E. B.." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. © 1994, 2000, 2001, 2002 on Infoplease.com. © 2002 Family Education Network. 10 Feb. 2003 .

Origin
National African American History Month, also known as Black History Month, was created by Dr. Carter G. Woodson. Born to parents who were former slaves, he spent his childhood working in the Kentucky coal mines and enrolled in high school at age twenty. He graduated within two years and later went on to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard. The scholar was disturbed to find in his studies that history books largely ignored the black American population—and when blacks did figure into the picture, it was generally in ways that reflected the inferior social position they were assigned at the time. In 1926, he launched Negro History Week as an initiative to bring national attention to the contributions of black people throughout American history. Woodson chose the second week of February for Negro History Week because it marks the birthdays of two men who greatly impacted the American black population, Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. Source: Black History." Infoplease.com. © 2002 Family Education Network. 10 Feb. 2003 .

Online Sources
You may want to check out the following sites for information on African American history: